Describe characteristics that define the “modern” era of policing.
Explain how these characteristics have a distinction between historical eras of policing.
Explain criteria that make modern day law enforcement effective.
In the 1960s and into the 1970s, there was a rapid development of two- and four-year college degree programs in law enforcement and an increased emphasis on training” (Cox, Marchionna, & Fitch, 2017, p. 24). The modern era of policing is the continuous improvement of police services to accommodate the demands of society. To become a police officer, a person must possess specific qualifications, have a high school diploma or college degree, be clear of criminal backgrounds, and many more. Once a person is hired, he or she goes through rigorous training at the Police Academy. When sworn in, officers are assigned to different units and start learning. Officers get promoted through a merit system, which evaluates them based on good performance. Training within law enforcement is endless. Some specialized, such as Evidence Response Teams and the Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) units, are in place to focus on specific assignments.
The early law enforcers, known as the constables, were the eyes of the cities at night. They only had a lantern and a baton as their police gear. They catch thieves and burglars and throw them in jail. Offenders were punished, tortured, or even killed. The evolution of the police system is an exciting system to study. Police were once volunteers, then appointed, and later the systems upgraded to an extensive hiring process. Officers were easily bribed, especially by high officials and wealthy people.
Education, training, and funding make modern-day law enforcement effective. “police training, salaries and benefits, and equipment—helped to create a more professional image of the police” (Cox et al., 2017, p. 24). Law enforcers must have basic law knowledge to carry out their duties. Criminals keep getting smarter with their crime techniques to commit crimes; therefore, officers must keep up with constant training to learn new ways to deter crimes. Officers should also be compensated for their time with benefits. Officers do not have the luxury of staying home during holidays, weekends, emergencies, and disasters and sleep eight hours at night. Therefore, they are more prone to mental and medical issues and deserve compensation and benefits.
Cox , S. M., Marchionna, S., & Fitch, B. D. (2017). Introduction to policing (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
Choose a characteristic or criterion that is different from the one you argued.
Explain how your colleague’s position has changed your perception or understanding.
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